by Neil Tandon for the Roosevelt Island Historical Society©
AUTOMATIC VACUUM COLLECTION (AVAC)
Here on Roosevelt Island, we take pride in our garbage. Taking out the trash, for us, is not so mundane a task: We know that when it is released from our hands, it travels the high-tech route known as the Automatic Vacuum Collection (AVAC) System. A computer brings the trash receptacles in each building to life every hour, opening up a valve that releases trash into one of two underground pipes. (There are two main pipes, one each along this island's east and west sides, that alternate operation every 30 minutes.)
The trash is whisked away through these pipes at 55 mph to the AVAC complex across the street, built in 1975, designed by Kallmann & McKinnell (Motorgate's architects).
When the trash reaches here, a cyclone effect separates dust from the air, which is then filtered and released.
AVAC was first installed in Sweden in 1961. Only six such systems have been used in the U.S., including that of Disney World. Roosevelt Island, however, boasts the only AVAC system used in a residential setting. It is also the largest such system in the U.S., able to collect trash from 20,000 people.
Though many other systems have been abandoned due to recycling and sorting requirements, Roosevelt Island's system still runs strong. Behind the AVAC complex is a post for the New York City Fire Department's Special Operations Command Division. Dispatched from this facility are squads for the Rescue, Mask, Hazardous Materials, and Scuba Support units.
The greenery ahead of you begins the recreational haven known as OCTAGON PARK.
The design process involved the whole community: 12 island organizations each appointed a member to a single task force that worked with architects and RIOC (the Roosevelt Island Operating Corporation, the island's governing body). The result, in the words of architect Lee Weintraub, is a 15 acre park with 35 acres of program.
|Roosevelt Island Historical Walk 2000 by Neil Tandon & Roosevelt Island Historical Society|