Full 1972 Clinton CF report photo viewing courts from yard entrance near football field.

 'the courts' of clinton prison
 (part 8: notes, title page, acknowledgments)

Webmaster Note:Ron Roizen placed his "Notes" list on Pages 54 and 55 of his study. His 55-page study of inmate patio/courts in Clinton Correctional Facility's recreation yard and his 11-page Clinton Prison history were parts of a 350+-page report whose several other sections analyzing the correctional institution were written by others. Even though this NYCHS presentation does not include text from those other sections, we present here the report's acknowledgment page mentioning Roizen and the others involved in the project. That page came at the beginning of the printed report after the title page, selected text from which is also presented here.


  1. Gresham Sykes, The Society of Captives, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958. Return to place in Part 1.
  2. Myles W. Rodehaver, Vincent R. Mancusi and Luke M. Smith, "The Socialization Function of Recreation Groups in a Maximum Security Prison," American Journal of Correction July-August 1964. Return to place in Part 1.
  3. Ibid. Return to place in Part 1.
  4. J. V. Whitney, "All the Prisoners Drove Away," Saturday Review, January 18, 1964. Return to place in Part 1.
  5. Rodehaver, et al., op. cit. Return to place in Part 1.
  6. Idle men number 300-400 currently, we were told. Return to place in Part 2.
  7. Erving Goffman, Asylums, Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday and Company, Inc., 1961. Return to place in Part 3.
  8. Rodehaver, et al., op. cit. Return to place in Part 3. Return to place in Part 3.
  9. Vincent Ralph Mancusi, The Court System: A Study of Informal Recreation. Groups in Prison Discipline, 1957. (unpublished Master's thesis) Return to place in Part 3.
  10. Address by Rutherford B. Hayes, Proceedings of the National Prison Congress, Atlanta, Ga., 1886, P. 44, quoted in Rose Giallombardo, Societ of Women: A Study of a Women's Prison, New York, London and Sydney: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1966. Return to place in Part 4.
  11. Mancusi, op. cit. Return to place in Part 4.
  12. Hal Burton, "Inside Dannemora Prison," Saturday Evenina Post, December 29, 1956. Return to place in Part 4.
  13. [Anon.] "These are Your N.Y. State Correctional Institutions, 5. Clinton Prison," Correction, March 1949. Return to place in Part 4.
  14. Mancusi, op. cit. Return to place in Part 4.
  15. Ibid. Return to place in Part 4.
  16. Giallombardo, op. cit. Return to place in Part 5.
  17. Ibid. Return to place in Part 5.
  18. See note 13. Return to place in Part 7.


CLINTON state correctional facility
dannemora, new york

evaluation and recommendations
prepared for the new york state department
of correctional services

kaplan and mc laughlin - architects - planners
178 east 73rd new york, new york
morris ketchum jr. and associates. architects
919 3rd ave. new york new york


This study would not have been possible without the full cooperation received from the staff of Clinton Correctional Facility. Special thanks are due to J. E. LaValle, Superintendent; Perry DeLong, Deputy Superintendent; Gordon Deyo, Steward; Jean Beaubriand, Senior Corrections Counselor; Robert Walker, Educational Supervisor; William Lawless, Superintendent of Industries; and Maynard Amell, Maintenance Supervisor. The Correctional Officers who accompanied staff members while inspecting the facility were always helpful and cooperative. Mr. Roizen wishes to especially thank Officer Michael Phillips, who was uncommonly tactful in assisting Mr. Roizen during his five days of inmate interviewing.

John P. Friedman of the American Foundation Institute of Corrections gave invaluable assistance by making available the results of their survey of recently constructed American penal institutions and drafts of the forthcoming report of the Task Force on Corrections of the National Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goal, as well as suggestions on suitable programs for Clinton.

A number of staff architects of the Federal Bureau of Prisons gave freely of their time and knowledge to help develop the section on Standards. Special thanks are due to Jim Webster, Mr. Higgins, John Irwin, and Robert Messmer.

staff members

Morris Ketchum, Jr., and Associates:

Morris Ketchum, Jr., Herbert Riemer, Ian Brown, Zattu Panu

Kaplan & McLaughlin:

Herbert McLaughlin, Roy Latka, John Kibre, William Berg, Kenn Rupart,
Lee Brechner Ann Winston, Elizabeth White, Virginia Kibre

Ronald Roizen, Sociologist, wrote The "Courts" and A Brief History of Clinton Prison.

Joshua Freiwald, Photographer.

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