By Anna M. KrossA generation ago, NYC
Anna M Kross issued a review
of her dozen years heading
the city jails. She entitled it
Progress Through Crisis: 1954 -1965
The Board of Correction held first place among accomplishments covered in the 746-page volume of excerpts from previous annual reports.
Progress Through Crisis: 1954 - 1965 devoted Pages 6 and 7 to Board of Correction photos, including these two from the 1957 annual report that recorded its birth.
[Above] Seven Board of Correction members were sworn
Oct. 14, 1957, by Mayor Robert F. Wagner. L. to R: D. John
Heyman, Rev. Robert J. McCracken, Lisle C. Carter Jr., Rev. Vincent de
Paul Lee, S. J.; Rev. Sidney G. Menk; Ethel H. Wise, Robert E. Curry. Observing was Commissioner Anna M. Kross.
[Left] Mayor Wagner swore in Carl M. Loeb, Jr.
as the eighth member and Chairman of the Board of Correction on Oct. 28,
[Left] Mayor Wagner swore in Carl M. Loeb, Jr. as the eighth member and Chairman of the Board of Correction on Oct. 28, 1957.
THE CITY OF NEW YORK
[Extracted from NYC DOC 1957 annual report.]
For the first time in the history of the Department of Correction it will have a new management tool, long overdue, that will prove beneficial to the city, the department and our personnel, who in the past have had to face constant administrative upheavals, disruptive organizational and costly policy changes, which in the final analysis have directly affected the care, custody and treatment of our inmates, who are our prime problems and responsibility.
This new Board will act in an official advisory capacity to the department and assure continuity of planning.
The record indicates that the original recommendation for a Board of Correction dates back to 1954, when this administration took office.
In preparing the previous administration's report for 1953, Commissioner Kross recommended:
"A citizen's advisory board that will have far reaching significance in promoting realistic treatment programs is being developed comprising educators, professional business men and people in the field of medicine, psychiatry and social work who have been recognized for their foresight and vision and are particularly interested in the social problems of those neglected physically and mentally ill individuals who come in conflict with the law."
Commissioner Kross went on to appoint and create a Citizens' Advisory Committee, which had been operating for the past three years, consisting of outstanding members of the community. The members of the Citizens' Advisory Committee consisted of the following:
Approximately one year ago the committee appointed by Mayor Robert F. Wagner to examine, survey and make recommendations for the reorganization of the Department of Correction submitted its report. This document, completed by the committee, on which Commissioner Anna M. Kross served, represented months of painstaking and intensive research into the intricate operations of the department.
One of the basic considerations, which this administration long advocated, was the official appointment of a departmental Advisory Board to provide program and administrative continuity.
This was at long last realized when Mayor Robert F. Wagner signed Local Law No. 25 on June 5, 1957, amending the New York City Charter for the establishment of a nine member, non-salaried, Board of Correction for the City of New York.
The members of the Board were appointed on October 3, 1957. Members of the non-salaried Board are:
For terms expiring October 13, 1959:
For terms expiring October 13, 1961:
For terms expiring October 13, 1963:
Mr. Carl M. Loeb, Jr., has been designated Chairman of the Board and the Rev. Robert J. McCracken, as Vice-Chairman.
The Board has the power to inspect all institutions under the jurisdiction of the Department of Correction.
It is charged with making proposals for long-range planning to the Mayor and Commissioner of Correction.
The Board is also to make studies and reports concerning development of the correctional programs and to give continuity to penological advances heretofore curtailed by changes in administrations.
The New York City Department of Correction has, at long last, achieved one of its primary goals and recommendations in the official establishment by law of a Board of Correction.