Jerry McAuley,
native of County Kerry
Tombs & Sing Sing
Became Rescue
Mission Pioneer ©

First on Waters St.,
Later near Times Sq.

Acknowledgments of Sources and Resources: A Kind of Bibliography

  • A History of the New York City Rescue Mission on its excellent web site.
    A major resource used in preparation of our Jerry McAuley web page.
    Source of the page's Jerry and Maria McAuley images and relevant information on the McAuleys and their mission.

  • Founder of America's First Rescue Mission
    Jerry McAuley biography on the Association of Gospel Rescue Missions' extensive web site.
    Excellent resource used in preparation of our Jerry McAuley web page.
    Source of the page's Helping Hand image and information on his early years, Jerry's prison experience, McAuley's conversion in Sing Sing, his life reclaimed, his vision for the first rescue mission, McAuley's years of service at the Helping Hand for Men.

  • Social Gospel & Missions, History and Cultures Project at University of California Davis web site. Excellent resource. Source of our page's Water Street and Cremorne Mission circa 1892 images from the Professor Roland Marchand collection of slides. Originated from Mrs. Helen Campbell's Darkness and Daylight.

  • The Fourth Ward: Life and Death in New York, 1860-1870
    From web site of University of Connecticut History Department Professor Peter C. Baldwin
    Excellent and extensive resource used in preparation of our Jerry McAuley web page. Source of the page's Water Street vicinity detail images taken from larger images 1863, 1866 and current maps of the 4th District area. Information re Howard Mission and Home for Little Wanderers, on Orville "the Awful" Gardner, and the Water Street revivals.

  • Images of America: Sing Sing Prison by Guy Cheli. Arcadia Publishing series. See our web site's excerpts presentation that includes the Sing Sing chapel and inmate intake illustration images used on our McAuley page.

  • An Early History of the Collegiate Church commissioned in 1939 by the WPA but author unknown. Includes information relative to the Fulton Street Prayer Meetings. Another page on the excellent and extensive Collegiate Church web site includes illustrations of its various church buildings through the centuries, taken from the first edition of the Collegiate Church Yearbook, published in 1880. One is the source of the North Church image appearing on our page.

  • Jack Corbett, Mariner web site of Denny Hatch, promoting the book by his great-grandfather A .S. Hatch, a co-founder with the McAuleys of the Water Street Mission.
    Excellent and extensive resource used in preparation of our Jerry McAuley web page. Filled with relevant images and information, including the 9/11 details used in concluding our web page.

  • Charles G. Finney: Prayer Makes History by David Smithers, chief editor and researcher for The Watchword, first published in 1990 as an extension of the prayer ministry of Western Hills Church of Oklahoma City.
    Its web site serves as "A Revival Resource Center" and is the source of our page's Charles G. Finney image and some of the information there about him.

  • 131 Christians Everyone Should Know: Charles Finney -- Father of American Revivalism by Christianity Today International. Informative bio on Finney.

  • The Story of Jerry McAuley, His Conversion, Establishment in Grace, and His Water Street Mission Work By Jerry McAuley. Edited by Duane V. Maxey. In a note entitled "Conversion Of Mcauley's Irish Dialect Into Proper English," editor Maxey gives an example of his editing: "But I was tall o' me years an' strong, an' had no fear..." -- changed into -- "But I was tall for my years and strong, and had no fear..." Northwest Nazarene University's Wesley Center site includes the Maxey edited version of Jerry McAuley's autobiography among its on-line Holiness Classics.

  • The Tragedy of American Compassion Archives: Proving Social Darwinism Wrong (Ch. 5) by Marvin Olasky, a professor of journalism at the University of Texas at Austin and the editor-in-chief of World, the national weekly news magazine from a biblical perspective. Includes very useful information on Water Street Mission, Jerry McAuley, Michael Dunn and the Refuge for Discharged Convicts.

  • Apples Of Gold by C. E. Rowley. Chapter 3 includes a passage on the conversions of Orville Gardner and Jerry McCauley. Northwest Nazarene University's Wesley Center site includes Rev. Rowley's 1925 autobiography among its on-line Holiness Classics.

  • The Duality of Niche and Form: The Differentiation of Institutional Space in New York City, 1888-1917 by John W. Mohr and Francesca Guerra-Pearson Department of Sociology University of California, Santa Barbara. Includes brief but useful information on operation of Jerry McAuley's Water Street Mission.

  • The Five Points Site maintained by the U.S. General Services Administration Public Buildings Service includes pages on Chatham Street (now Park Row). The information is useful in understanding why the Tappens and Finney selected the site they did for the Second Free Presbyterian Church aka the Chatham Street Chapel.

  • The History of a River Thief by Jerry McAuley. An extensive extract from his autobiography appears on Liberty Prison Ministries director Bruce W. O’Neill's web site.

  • West 42 Street: Hell's Kitchen/Clinton History Project. Cites the Directory of Agencies of the Chelsea-Clinton Welfare and Health Council, December 1954, listing "Mc Auley Cremorne Mission" as a tenant at 434 West 42nd St. The location of the mission is given variously in different texts, including 42nd St. and 37th St., which may have been true at different times. The common point made by all references is its location near Times Square.

  • "Lord, When Did We See You A Stranger"-- Scenes of City Rescue Work from the Billy Graham Center Archives on Wheaton College web site. Cites McAuley's Helping Hand as start of rescue missions "as they are known in the U.S."

  • Jerry McAuley, 1839-1884, Water Street Mission, a bio appearing on the web site.

  • Conversion, Examples Of: Orville "Awful" Gardner's Conversion by Don A. Elbourne, pastor, Lakeshore Baptist Church, Miss.

  • September 18, 1884: This Week in Christian History by Christianity Today International. Information re Jerry McAuley funeral at Brooklyn Tabernacle.

  • October 8, 1864 • "Impossible" Jerry McAuley Opened 1st U.S. Rescue Mission by Christian History Institute staff or associates.

  • Methods Of Christian Work by Didaskalos Ministries Pastor David Buffaloe, (Ch. 11). Information re McAuley and Gardner encounter under item entitled "Make Use of Testimony."

  • Forgotten NY by Kevin Walsh. Although not used in our web page, his fascinating site includes at the bottom of its Tour 17 page interesting images of Bridge Cafe at Water and Dover Streets, reputed the oldest establishment in NYC that has continuously been run as a tavern. It traces back to 1794 when Water Street marked Manhattan's original East Side shoreline. During the 1870s, the tavern, under another name and ownership, doubled as a brothel.

  • Five Points Mission by Kathleen J. Knaack, Drew University Graduate School Ph.D. Candidate in Theological and Religious Studies.

  • Charles G. Finney A Brief Biography by J. Gilchrist Lawson, Evangelist. Gospel Truth Ministries, Orange, Ca.

  • Labors In New York City In 1832, And Onward. by Charles G. Finney (Memoirs, Ch. 23) Gospel Truth Ministries, Orange, Ca.

  • A Glimpse Of The Work by Samuel H. Hadley. Details re Jerry McAuley Mission by his successor there.

  • A Lamp in the Window: A Centennial History of the Syracuse Rescue Mission, 1887-1987 by Richard F. Palmer and Henry W. Schramm. Chapter 1 includes sections on Jerry McAuley and Henry Burton Gibbud (the latter founded the Baxter St. Mission not far from the Tombs).

  • LSD, Alcoholism and Transcendence by Charles Savage, M.D. Quotes William James book "The Varieties of Religious Experience" regarding alcoholic S. H. Hadley's conversion.

  • A Narrative Timeline Of Alcoholics Anonymous History by various AA members. Lists as one of the milestones on the road to AA's emergence the opening the Water St. Mission by Jerry McAuley.

  • The Second Evangelical Awakening in America by Dr. J. Edwin Orr. (Ch. 3) Information re Fulton Street Prayer Meeting.

  • The Drunkards Club by William L. White. Senior Research Consultant at Chestnut Health Systems/Lighthouse Institute. Information re Orville "the Awful" Gardner and Jerry McAuley.

  • 1857-1860 Awakening. From web site of The Way Christian Bible College, Kilcreggan, Scotland. Information re Jeremiah Lanphier.

  • When One Person Prayed by John D. Woodbridge. VOICES, May 1976 Trinity International University, Deerfield, Illinois. Information re Jeremiah Lanphier.

  • The Layman's Prayer Revival, New York 1857-58 by Oliver Price. From "Revival Library" on Ron & Barbara McGatlin's site. Information re Jeremiah Lanphier.

  • Historical Notes on Individual Churches in the Early Republic. From Hal Morris' "Early Republic" site. Information re Chatham Street Chapel.

  • The Life Of J. W. Redfield by Rev. Joseph Goodwin Terrill (Chapter 62.) From Christian Classics Ethereal Library, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Mi. Information re Orville Gardner.
Tombs & Sing Sing Ex-Inmate Became Rescue Mission Pioneer

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